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Blood Testing When You Suspect Hashimotos Thyroid Disease- Dr Hagmeyer

Hashimoto’s disease, also known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, is an autoimmune condition that affects the thyroid gland. In today’s article, we will delve into the key aspects of how Hashimoto’s disease is diagnosed, the blood tests that help diagnose Hashimotos, and the thyroid antibody testing needed.

Testing for Hashimoto’s Disease

What is Hashimotos?

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in the United States. It is estimated that around 5% of the U.S. population may have Hashimoto’s disease but many experts believe these numbers are not accurate due to substandard testing procedures. This autoimmune thyroid disorder is more prevalent in women than men, with women being affected about 7 times more often than men. 

Hashimoto’s disease occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid gland, leading to inflammation and damage.(*) This autoimmune attack can result in an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), but it can also cause many of the Hyperthyroid symptoms. Early detection and diagnosis of Hashimoto’s disease are crucial for effective management and treatment. Diagnosis of Hashimoto’s disease typically involves blood tests to measure thyroid hormone levels and specific antibodies associated with autoimmune thyroid disorders.

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How Is Hashimotos Diagnosed

Antibody testing plays a vital role in diagnosing Hashimoto’s disease. Two main types of antibodies commonly associated with Hashimoto’s are thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO antibodies) and thyroglobulin antibodies (TGB antibodies).(*) These antibodies are produced by the immune system as part of the autoimmune response targeting the thyroid gland.(*blood tests that help diagnose Hashimotos

TPO antibodies Vs TGB antibodies

TPO antibodies Versus TGB antibodies

Thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO antibodies) are antibodies that target an enzyme involved in the production of thyroid hormones. Elevated TPO antibody levels are a hallmark of Hashimoto’s disease and can be detected through blood tests. The presence of TPO antibodies indicates an autoimmune attack on the thyroid gland, leading to inflammation and impaired thyroid function. Monitoring TPO antibody levels is essential for assessing the severity of autoimmune thyroiditis and guiding treatment decisions.

Download my Free Thyroid Guide here

What are Thyroid Peroxidase antibodies?

Thyroid peroxidase (TPO) is an enzyme found in the thyroid gland that plays a crucial role in the production of thyroid hormones, it is an important thyroid antibody test. It is primarily involved in the synthesis of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which are essential for regulating metabolism, growth, and development in the body.(*) This is an important blood test in diagnosing Hashimotos.

TPO catalyzes the iodination of thyroglobulin, a protein within the thyroid gland, and the coupling of iodotyrosine residues to form thyroid hormone precursors. This enzyme is essential for the proper functioning of the thyroid gland and the production of thyroid hormones.

In autoimmune thyroid disorders such as Hashimoto’s disease, the immune system mistakenly produces antibodies that target thyroid peroxidase. These antibodies, known as thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO antibodies), attack and damage the thyroid gland, leading to inflammation and impaired thyroid function.

Measuring levels of TPO antibodies through blood tests is a key diagnostic tool for autoimmune thyroid conditions, particularly Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Elevated TPO antibody levels indicate an autoimmune attack on the thyroid gland, confirming the presence of autoimmune thyroiditis and helping differentiate it from other thyroid disorders.

What are Thyroglobulin antibodies?

Thyroglobulin antibodies (TGB antibodies) are antibodies that target thyroglobulin, a protein essential for thyroid hormone synthesis. High levels of TGB antibodies are also associated with Hashimoto’s disease and can be detected through antibody testing.(*) These antibodies can contribute to thyroid gland damage and dysfunction, further exacerbating hypothyroidism symptoms in individuals with Hashimoto’s. Some doctors only run a TPO test. I believe that testing for both TPO and TBG antibodies are needed. Over the years I have seen patients come back negative for TPO and have Positive TGB antibodies.

Antibody testing, including TPO antibodies and TGB antibodies, are needed because they help healthcare providers confirm the diagnosis of Hashimoto’s disease and differentiate it from other thyroid conditions. When interpreting antibody test results, elevated levels of TPO and TGB antibodies alongside abnormal thyroid function tests (TSH and T4 ) point towards autoimmune thyroiditis.(*). Both of these blood tests help identify Hashimoto’s disease.

Download my Free Thyroid Guide here

Watch The Video Below Testing for Hashimotos

The video below covers the blood tests you need to have done to evaluate Hashimoto’s disease.

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Our Thyroid Treatment Program is a Great Place To Start

If you suspect Hashimoto’s disease or are experiencing symptoms of an underactive thyroid, its important to consult the right healthcare provider for proper evaluation and testing. Early detection and appropriate management of Hashimoto’s disease can help improve thyroid function and quality of life. Stay informed, get tested, and take control of your thyroid health.

The Personal Program Thyroid Recovery Program is a Natural Treatment for Low Thyroid function, Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, and Hashimoto’s disease. It is a comprehensive program that leaves no stone left unturned.

Our office offers the most comprehensive autoimmune disease testing programs to target thyroid disease at the root cause. We utilize targeted nutritional supplements based on Functional Nutrigenomic testing, Meal planning, food recipes, dietary counseling, hormone and endocrine support, bio-identical hormone replacement, and lifestyle guidance.

Next steps

    1. Take the Thyroid Quiz here 
    2. Download my Free Thyroid Ebook
    3. Schedule a Free 15-minute Phone Consultation to see if this program is right for you contact us.
    4. Still have questions? Check out our FAQ Section

How Can Functional Medicine Help Me

We’re here to listen and help you through this frustrating and confusing time.

Each person suffering from Thyroid symptoms problem has a different set of mechanisms or causes. Our office will customize a Thyroid Restoration Program based on your testing and tailored to your individual needs.

 

Other Helpful Testing If You Have Hashimotos.

When you Have Hashimotos Disease or any other autoimmune disease it is not uncommon to develop auto-antibodies. These auto-antibodies or Predictive Antibodies are important to test when you suspect an autoimmune disease.

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